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"Lil Joe" Table





By the 1980s the "black liberation movement" in America was all but destroyed, and Lil Joe found himself homeless for 10 years. He ended up in the Pico-Union District, which is largely comprised of immigrants from Central America. Lil Joe used to argue with other homeless people about the political events, the cops, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the War on Iraq, and other issues. By this, Lil Joe came to the attention of an underground Meso-American group that was involved in protecting immigrants from police and lumpen abuse. Lil Joe joined and worked with this group for 10 years in defense of the community. Lil Joe Bio 


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The leadership of the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, Trans-Africa, and the Black Radical Congress have joined with British and U.S. imperialism -- and transnational capital that they represent -- in attacking landless Zimbabwean peasants in their efforts to expropriate the expropriators of Zimbabwean land.

These lackeys of American imperialism attack the African peasants of Zimbabwe for being "lawless."  In particular, they reduce the natural occurrence of Zimbabwean peasants taking back the land stolen from their Zimbabwean forefathers to the private motives of a single individual: Robert Mugabe, the head of the ZANU-PF government in Zimbabwe.  Furthermore, they reduce these mass acts of expropriation by Zimbabwean peasants to Mugabe "initiating" same in order to get re-elected.

On the defensive because opposed by African-Americans in the United States who support the land expropriations in Zimbabwe, the Black Radical Congress has been circulating a February 14, 2001 speech made by Zwelinzima Vavi, COSATU General Secretary, in which he denounced the African peasants in Zimbabwe for seizing the lands that were stolen from their forefathers. Zimbabwe Crisis

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On the other hand, Garvey differed ideologically from Booker T. Washington in that, although Garvey accepted racial segregation in the United States, he argued also that Blacks should do as the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) demanded: Go back to Africa.  Garvey and the KKK Grand Dragons spoke at each other's rallies -- they both denounced racial integration and interracial sex and marriage.  Furthermore, Garvey said that, as Christians, Black Americans have more in common with the KKK than with the American Communist Party.  His reasoning was that the KKK was "Christian," whereas Communists are atheists.

Garvey's involvement with and statements about Blacks and the KKK was at a time (the 1920s and 30s) when Blacks were being lynched in the South and attacked in the North by the KKK, and other racists.  The only organizations that came forth in defense of Black people (e.g., the Scottsboro Boys) was the American Communist Party -- and Black trade unionists who were organizing the Sleeping Car Porters Union, which eventually compelled the white trade unionists to recognize them.

From his discussions with Claude McKay, Lenin -- and, later, from his discussion with C.L.R. James, and Leon Trotsky -- wondered aloud whether Blacks in the United States were an oppressed "nation."  The Communist Party USA, later capitulated to racial pressures in the United States, and declared that the Negro Nation did, in fact, exist -- using Stalin's criterion, as stated in his "Marxism and the National Question," and, in particular, using the formula put forth by Harry Haywood. Response to Addaes

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Choosing Sides: Zimbabwe Peasant Land Expropriations (essay)

Comments on Addae's "ABCs" (article)

Comments on President Bush's Speech

Hypocrisy of America's Two-Party System

Libya's Geopolitics

Lil Joe Bio 

Nuclear Theatre (essay)

PaxAmerica in Decline  (essay)

Philosophy, Religion, and Politics  (extended essay)

Racial Identity Politics & the Anglo-American Mission  (article)

Remarks by the President at Whitehall Palace

Revolutionary Movements of the '60s and '70s

Response to Stanton's Attack  (article)

Sharif Interviews Lil Joe on the Dilemma (interview)

WTO Summit in Cancun and Singapore Issues  (essay)


Recommended Essays


The ABCs of Class Struggle by Aduku Addae

Feminism and the Criminalization of Masculinity by Aduku Addae

Marxism Irrelevant by Aduku Addae

NATO or the UN by Connie White

Reflecting on "Love Puny Bad" by Aduku Addae

Response to Aduku's "Feminism" by Connie White

Sanctions on Zimbabwe by Connie White

The Sting Oracle  by Aduku Addae


Related Essays


Benjamin J. Davis Bio

Big Tom the Red

Black Freedom Fighters Other Reviews

Black Labor

Colin Powell on Mugabe by Colin Powell 

End of the Political Rainbow

I Tried to Be a Communist (Wright)

Iraq Dossier

Let's Grow Up and Move On by Junious Ricardo Stanton

Marxism as Humanism 

Priority of Labor 

The Real World We Live In!  

Remarks by the President at Whitehall Palace

Reporting Zimbabwe by Lester Lewis

Steve Early Revie w of Black freedom Fighters

Trans Africa & Progressives on Mugabe by Bill Fletcher and others

Transitional Writings on Africa

Varieties of Socialism

William Paterson Bio

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Fourth World Essays

Afro-America & The Fourth World 

The Black Middle Class & a Political Party of the Poor  (essay)

Dark Child of the Fourth World  

The Fourth World and the Marxists

The Fourth World: In the Belly of the Beast

New Orleans: The American Nightmare

On the Fourth World: Black Power, Black Panthers, and White Allies

Why I Support the Latino Demonstrators


Other Fourth World Essays

African America A Fourth World  (Waldron H. Giles)

Dark Child of the Fourth World Reaches Out   (Dennis Leroy Moore)

Fourth World Introduction (M.P. Parameswaran)

 Fourth World: Marxist, Gandhian, Environmentalist  (M.P. Parameswaran)

The Fourth World Multiculturalism (Rose Ure Mezu)

Fourth World Programme M.P. Parameswaran)

Neo-Liberalism Dictatorship of the Market  M.P. Parameswaran)

The Rise and Fall of the Socialist World  M.P. Parameswaran)

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I must repeat. The Democratic Party is the party of capital, not of labor. The Democrats in the trade union bureaucracy would have us believe that the Democratic Party is "progressive," supportable by trade union's dues.  This is class betrayal! Fundamentally, in the Senate, the presidency and the national judicial representations the Democrats are based in capital, not labor.

Were the Democratic Party a labor party it would be a creature of organized labor in politics, in their own name, as are the socialist parties in Europe, and Labour Party in Great Britain.  To be held accountable to labor, the class party must be socially based in the working-class as a class, and financially supported exclusively by trade unions. But the Democratic Party in its national committee and in the Senate and upper chambers of States and in the presidency and judiciary is based socially and financially in contributions from domestic and/or industrial capital.

U.S. Representative Dennis Kucinich of Ohio  presents himself as a worker militant.  In fact, he is from the working-class but this is a case of the incidental or the inessential masquerading as essential. This kind of masquerade comes on the scene every Presidential election year.  This masquerade—let's call it what is, a charade—has a history going back to the Communist Party U.S.A.'s promoting the millionaire Democrat Franklin Roosevelt.

The so-called Left laps up the Democratic vomit and rhetoric of "anti-party" Party hacks and campaign artists such as Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton who present the Democratic Party as the "progressive alternative" to the Republicans. Their rhetoric present themselves as Blacks in the Democratic Party rather than what they are, namely, Democrats in the Democratic Party. Hypocrisy of Americas Two Party System

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The fatal flaw in the '60s and '70s that the revolutionary cadres lacked the objective to take state power had its basis in American anti-intellectualism and pragmatism that degenerated into activism.  This became basic rebellion, not revolution, and the confrontations with the state (for confrontations sake) resulted in burnouts, deaths, the imprisonment of many comrades, and the demoralization of others.  All of this was exacerbated by the fact that the ethnic nationalist movements (e.g., Black and Chicano) were based in shifting communities. The student-based anti-war movement was also based in constantly changing and unstable student populations.

Revolution cannot be based in a single ethnic community. It must be based in the class to which ethnic communities belong.  Revolution displaces the the representatives of the existing order, reorganizes, and structures the new order.  The overthrow of the ruling class by the oppressed classes is a conscious struggle for class power.  The polemics in the revolutionary class should be directed at the objective of developing a strategy to take state power.  

It is by this "practical-critical," "revolutionizing practice" (praxis) that revolutionary organizations are formed and revolutionary theory developed.  The objective of taking state power as part and parcel of a strategy toward economic transformation tests ideas and mediates behavior.

Without class-based revolutionary objectives formulated by the revolutionary class, there can be no revolutionary movement or revolutionary theory. Revolutionary Movements of the 60s and 70s

*   *   *   *   *'s 25 Best Selling Books



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Sister Citizen: Shame, Stereotypes, and Black Women in America

By Melissa V. Harris-Perry

According to the author, this society has historically exerted considerable pressure on black females to fit into one of a handful of stereotypes, primarily, the Mammy, the Matriarch or the Jezebel.  The selfless Mammy’s behavior is marked by a slavish devotion to white folks’ domestic concerns, often at the expense of those of her own family’s needs. By contrast, the relatively-hedonistic Jezebel is a sexually-insatiable temptress. And the Matriarch is generally thought of as an emasculating figure who denigrates black men, ala the characters Sapphire and Aunt Esther on the television shows Amos and Andy and Sanford and Son, respectively.     

Professor Perry points out how the propagation of these harmful myths have served the mainstream culture well. For instance, the Mammy suggests that it is almost second nature for black females to feel a maternal instinct towards Caucasian babies.

*   *   *   *   *


Sex at the Margins

Migration, Labour Markets and the Rescue Industry

By Laura María Agustín

This book explodes several myths: that selling sex is completely different from any other kind of work, that migrants who sell sex are passive victims and that the multitude of people out to save them are without self-interest. Laura Agustín makes a passionate case against these stereotypes, arguing that the label 'trafficked' does not accurately describe migrants' lives and that the 'rescue industry' serves to disempower them. Based on extensive research amongst both migrants who sell sex and social helpers, Sex at the Margins provides a radically different analysis. Frequently, says Agustin, migrants make rational choices to travel and work in the sex industry, and although they are treated like a marginalised group they form part of the dynamic global economy. Both powerful and controversial, this book is essential reading for all those who want to understand the increasingly important relationship between sex markets, migration and the desire for social justice.

"Sex at the Margins rips apart distinctions between migrants, service work and sexual labour and reveals the utter complexity of the contemporary sex industry. This book is set to be a trailblazer in the study of sexuality."Lisa Adkins, University of London

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A Matter of Justice

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By David. A. Nichols

David A. Nichols  takes us inside the Oval Office to look over Ike's shoulder as he worked behind the scenes, prior to Brown, to desegregate the District of Columbia and complete the desegregation of the armed forces. We watch as Eisenhower, assisted by his close collaborator, Attorney General Herbert Brownell, Jr., sifted through candidates for federal judgeships and appointed five pro-civil rights justices to the Supreme Court and progressive judges to lower courts. We witness Eisenhower crafting civil rights legislation, deftly building a congressional coalition that passed the first civil rights act in eighty-two years, and maneuvering to avoid a showdown with Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas, over desegregation of Little Rock's Central High. Nichols demonstrates that Eisenhower, though he was a product of his time and its backward racial attitudes, was actually more progressive on civil rights in the 1950s than his predecessor, Harry Truman, and his successors, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson. . . . 

In fact, Eisenhower's actions laid the legal and political groundwork for the more familiar breakthroughs in civil rights achieved in the 1960s.

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Representing the Race

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By Kenneth W. Mack

Representing the Race tells the story of an enduring paradox of American race relations, through the prism of a collective biography of African American lawyers who worked in the era of segregation. . . . Mack reorients what we thought we knew about famous figures such as Thurgood Marshall, who rose to prominence by convincing local blacks and prominent whites that he was—as nearly as possible—one of them. But he also introduces a little-known cast of characters to the American racial narrative. These include Loren Miller, the biracial Los Angeles lawyer who, after learning in college that he was black, became a Marxist critic of his fellow black attorneys and ultimately a leading civil rights advocate; and Pauli Murray, a black woman who seemed neither black nor white, neither man nor woman, who helped invent sex discrimination as a category of law. The stories of these lawyers pose the unsettling question: what, ultimately, does it mean to “represent” a minority group in the give-and-take of American law and politics? / For Love of Liberty

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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update18 January 2012




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