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But if Obama can help resurrect our spirits with hope and the possibility of change in the status quo,

why not back him with our full support. You might say, do not put your eggs in one basket, so

then political leaders, continue in your inordinacy placating pharaoh, but your people are moving on.



Books by Marvin X

Love and War: Poems  / In the Crazy House Called America / Woman: Man's Best FriendBeyond Religion Toward Spirituality

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Plato on Obama Drama

By Marvin X

Dr. M is Plato teaching on the streets of Oakland.—Ishmael Reed, novelist, essayist, poet


Now that Super Tuesday has passed and the Democratic candidates, Hillary and Obama, are yet neck and neck, where do we go from here? Perhaps our so-called leaders who are backing Hillary Clinton, that motley crew of Democratic sycophants, need to ask themselves this question: should they not jump the ship of Hilbillery, the ship of fools,  and join the North American African masses who are 90% for Obama, or shall they go down in history as leaders who need to be led. Let black history be their guide: the old guard civil rights leaders were caught napping when the cry of Black Power electrified the masses and redirected the freedom movement of the 50s and 60s.  

Our present political leaders are perhaps deaf, dumb and blind to the level of dissatisfaction and the need for radical change that Obama symbolizes. Yes, he may be transformative but the old guard doubt he will be able to make the transactions they customarily obtain from the Democratic Party power brokers.

The political leaders have been the gatekeepers who are a failure at delivering bacon to their people. They gave them no political education or economic education to protect them from the sub prime tragedy. They have no real solution to stop 50% of our children from dropping out of school. They have no solution to stop the violence coast to coast, with a major portion of the 16,000 annual murders in America being our sons and daughters. They have been impotent to address the high gas prices, apparently they are too proud to ask president Chavez of Venezuela to aid North American Africans, although we know he is willing to help our community out of our dependency complex and fatal attraction with Ustatos Unidos del Norte America .

Other than making transactions to benefit themselves, what bacon do they deliver, what relief from our misery? Yet they insist we blindly follow their direction into outer space. Hilbillery took women off welfare into prostitution and other crimes, increasing the prison population among women and men when he made crack addicts and petty dealers serve long prison terms for what is a mental health problem and economic justice issue. Yet he/she is our savior?

For sure, the identity starved, self esteem depleted and economically exploited North American Africans have cast their vote with Obama.

He is clearly the man of the hour, the new kid on the block, thus our black leadership would do well to look at the man in the mirror and decide to change their course.

Dissatisfaction brings about change. Obama will be a change whether he wins or not. Call it a dress rehearsal for the future—just in case he doesn’t make it this time. Look into the future; imagine how far he might go with solid backing from his North American people. We might be able to convince our Latino brothers and sisters to join forces with us rather than the old guard, which would permit us to forge a powerful movement of the disinherited, a real movement for change in this nation that has not been seen since the 60s when Blacks united with Latinos, whites, Native Americas, Asians and others to take a great leap forward from segregation and wage slavery.

Latinos can act white if they want, along with our leaders they shall see the day when our unity will be needed and sought, but perhaps to no avail. Yes, we may need to discard our leaders and traditional allies and ultimately go the path of Nationalism. Of course this is beyond the Obama paradigm which can only envision us in an American configuration. Thinking outside the box of American politics is wishful if not delusional, our traditional leaders would say, including Obama, although his roots clearly transcend these United States.

But if Obama can help resurrect our spirits with hope and the possibility of change in the status quo, why not back him with our full support. You might say, do not put your eggs in one basket, so then political leaders, continue in your inordinacy placating pharaoh, but your people are moving on. Our allies must either shit or get off the pot as well. Either you are with us or against us, or shall we say you are either part of the solution or part of the problem. You decide and be prepared to pay the consequences in this political game of life.

We know politics has no permanent friends, only permanent interests. We must clearly state our agenda, define our interests, our priorities, which we should present to Obama as well. We know what change is, but thank him for reminding us.

Obama must do some hard thinking to offer us a way out of this morass, this conundrum that is forever eluding our grasp. He has nine months to deal with Hilbillery, enough time to birth a child. Call this child Freedom.  

Obama heralds the era of the Post Black Negro in America . Obama, biracial product—after 400 years of amalgamation, what would one expect? What about a pure Gullah Geeche Negro? Khalid Muhammad!

Let us be sophisticated. We know the treachery of Mulattoes, and we know the treachery of pure Africans in Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Nigeria, Rwanda, and Congo. We know the treachery of North American Africans, down to the present moment; they are making deals with the devil. But we see them from whence they see us not. And we are not of the unjust people. We are of the suffering righteous.

What we need are righteous men and women to come to the front of the line, to stand up and represent Divinity, the divine man and woman of spiritual consciousness who can rule without taking a bribe, without telling lies. Find me the righteous man and I shall save the town!

Of the mulatto class, the class preferred by the power structure in dealing with blacks—there is danger here. Chancellor Williams told us it was Mulattoes who ushered in the destruction of African Civilization 6,000 years ago in Egypt. And Haiti had Dessalines deal with Mulattoes in their revolution here in the Americas. Toussaint had to tell Dessalines after his slaughter, “I told you to prune the tree, not to uproot it!”

But let us be clear: Mulattoes, Pure Blacks, Biracial, does not matter. It is the condition of the heart, the condition of the spirit. Are you a devil or do you represent the Divine?

Answer this, then we shall proceed.

posted 7 February 2008

The next meeting of Dr. M’s Pan African Mental Health Peer Group to Recover from the Addiction to White Supremacy/lunacy, is Saturday, February 16, 4pm, 1425 Oregon Street, Berkeley (at Sacramento Street). Call 510-355-6335 for more information.

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MSNBC—Delegate count after Super Tuesday- Obama leads with 861 to Clinton's 855.

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Campaign Manager David Plouffe: By winning a majority of delegates and a majority of the states, Barack Obama won an important Super Tuesday victory over Senator Clinton in the closest thing we have to a national primary. From Colorado and Utah in the west to Georgia and Alabama in the south to Senator Clinton’s backyard in Connecticut, Obama showed that he can win the support of Americans of every race, gender, and political party in every region of the country. That’s why he’s on track to win Democratic nomination, and that’s why he’s the best candidate to defeat John McCain in

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Obama: The Shock of the Red—“We won in places nobody thought we could win,” an exultant Federico Pena, the former Denver mayor, told a victory crowd on Tuesday night. Obama’s audience a few days earlier – more than 18,000 — was so big that thousands who couldn’t get in huddled on a frozen lacrosse field to hear him. Now broaden the picture and look at the vote among white males, traditionally the hardest sell for a Democrat. While losing California, Obama won white men in the Golden State, 55 to 35, according to exit polls, and white men in New Mexico, 59-38. Looking ahead to Saturday, when Washington State, Nebraska, and Louisiana hold contests, Obama should add another three states to the 13 he won on Tuesday. They’re all caucus states, each with distinct advantages for Obama.  His problem – and it’s a big one – is among Latino voters, and older women. He got crushed by Hillary among Hispanics in California and New Mexico. To win the West, Latinos have to be in your camp.—NYTimes Blog

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Clinton and Obama Trade Victories—Clinton claimed four of the five biggest prizes in Super Tuesday's 22-state Democratic competition. She also captured Arizona, Arkansas, Oklahoma and Tennessee. Those victories helped stem what appeared to be gathering momentum around Obama's candidacy since he won in South Carolina on Jan. 26. But Obama won in more places than his New York rival, racking up victories in his home state of Illinois, as well as Alabama, Alaska, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, North Dakota, and Utah. His narrow victory in Missouri came after Clinton appeared on the brink of winning there. Only the outcome in New Mexico remained unresolved early this morning. In many of the states Clinton won, Obama had surged from far behind to narrow the gap in the days before Super Tuesday. Her ability to hold off his charge brought a sense of relief to her campaign advisers, but the likelihood that neither would emerge with a significant advantage in delegates was a sign that their roller-coaster competition would continue.Washington Post   

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Can Mrs Clinton Lose? (Peggy Noonan)With Mr. Obama the campaign will be about issues. "He'll raise your taxes." He will, and I suspect Americans may vote for him anyway. But the race won't go low. Mrs. Clinton would be easier for Republicans. With her cavalcade of scandals, they'd be delighted to go at her. They'd get medals for it. Consultants would get rich on it. The Democrats have it exactly wrong. Hillary is the easier candidate, Mr. Obama the tougher. Hillary brings negative; it's fair to hit her back with negative. Mr. Obama brings hope, and speaks of a better way. He's not Bambi, he's bulletproof. The biggest problem for the Republicans will be that no matter what they say that is not issue oriented--"He's too young, he's never run anything, he's not fully baked"—the mainstream media will tag them as dealing in racial overtones, or undertones. You can bet on this. Go to the bank on it. The Democrats continue not to recognize what they have in this guy. Believe me, Republican professionals know. They can tell. Wall Street Journal

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New York Feminists for Peace and Barack Obama—Over 400 New York feminists and peace activists—among them actors Kerry Washington and Kathleen Chalfant and writers Katha Pollitt and Thulani Davis—have signed a letter endorsing Senator Barack Obama in the upcoming New York primary. The letter started circulating on Friday, February 1st and the responses are still pouring in. Stating that war and peace are as much "women's issues" as healthcare, the environment and occupational equality, the letter signers cite Obama's early opposition to the war as key to their endorsement. Obama's stance on the war is also cited by the signatories as one of his most valuable assets in a post-primary campaign, as it will better position him to defeat a pro-war Republican nominee.  Also noted are the positive tone of the Obama campaign and the dramatic engagement it has produced among young American voters. The petition is now available online, where additional signatures can be posted. NY Feminists for Peace

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Why Latinos and Asian Americans Went for Hillary—A CNN exit poll last night indicated that Latinos in California went for Hillary by a 2-1 margin, and Asian Americans went for her 3-1. Democratic polls showed Hillary winning Latinos by 3-1. .  . . The reason Hillary won is because the Latino and Asian American votes remain emergent, not yet insurgent. Emergent voting blocs respond to leaders in their community. If the candidate wins the leader, she wins her followers. Insurgent voting blocs instead respond to calls for change, and may focus more on single issues or agendas. If a candidate stakes out a good position, she captures the community. Hillary played the politics of emergence. Early, she locked down important leaders in the Latino and Asian American communities. . . . All of them—from Villaraigosa to the Asian American precinct captain—were responding to what might be called aspirational politics. The individuals become proxies for the community. You hear them say in their campaigns, "When I win, you win."

Clinton's main advantage is that she has the access to power and the party structures that deliver promises to officials and operatives. Obama doesn't. Emergent politics favors individuals seeking power. Think of it this way: Hillary, the woman candidate, is bringing Latino and Asian American leaders into the old-boy's network. Huffington Post

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The Democrats’ Salvation—Obama agrees to an extent. “I know how hard change is,” he says. But he promises to transcend the old fights—the liberation narrative again—by building a “bottom-up” movement to create inexorable pressure for reform that would draw in even Republicans.  “Good intentions are not enough,” he said in his Wilmington speech. They need to be “fortified with political will or political power.” Obama marries a softer rhetorical line on Republicans with a more sweeping and activist analysis of how change happens. He thus manages to go to Clinton’s right and left at the same time.

That’s why Obama is on the move in a way that worries Clinton’s lieutenants. She promises toughness, competence, clarity and experience in a year when Democrats are seeking something closer to salvation. One of the politicians who spoke before Obama at the rally, Delaware state Treasurer Jack Markell, cited the New Testament letter to the Hebrews in which St. Paul spoke of “the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.” It was a revealing moment: While Clinton wages a campaign, Obama is preaching a revival.Truthdig

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Next Up for the Democrats Civil War—Mrs. Clinton did pile up her expected large margin among Latino voters in California. But her tight grip on that electorate is loosening. Mr. Obama, who captured only 26 percent of Hispanic voters in Nevada last month, did better than that in every state on Tuesday, reaching 41 percent in Arizona and 53 percent in Connecticut. Meanwhile, the Clinton campaign’s attempt to drive white voters away from Mr. Obama by playing the race card has backfired. His white vote tally rises every week. Though Mrs. Clinton won California by almost 10 percentage points, among whites she beat Mr. Obama by only 3 points. The question now is how much more racial friction the Clinton campaign will gin up if its Hispanic support starts to erode in Texas, whose March 4 vote it sees as its latest firewall. Clearly it will stop at little. That’s why you now hear Clinton operatives talk ever more brazenly about trying to reverse party rulings so that they can hijack 366 ghost delegates from Florida and the other rogue primary, Michigan, where Mr. Obama wasn’t even on the ballot. So much for Mrs. Clinton’s assurance on New Hampshire Public Radio last fall that it didn’t matter if she alone kept her name on the Michigan ballot because the vote “is not going to count for anything.”NYTimes

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The Democrats' Class War—In most states, polls show Hillary Clinton is beating Barack Obama among voters making $50,000 a year or less—many of whom say the economy is their top concern. . . . Obama has let Clinton characterize the 1990s as a nirvana, rather than a time that sowed the seeds of our current troubles.

He barely criticizes the Clinton administration for championing job-killing trade agreements. He does not question that same administration's role in deregulating the financial industry and thereby intensifying today's boom-bust catastrophes. . . . After a rare Obama attack on Hillary Clinton for supporting policies that eliminated jobs, Bill Clinton quickly likened Obama's campaign to Jackson's, and the Clinton campaign told the Associated Press Obama was "the black candidate." These were deliberate statements telling Obama that if he talks about class, they'll talk about race. And so, as Marable says, Obama's pitch includes "no mention of the class struggle or class conflict." It is "hope" instead of an economic case, bromide instead of critique. The result is an oxymoronic dynamic.—CredoMobile

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Who are the Super Delegates—They are a combination of Democratic Party officials, governors, and congressmen. The super delegates are in short the leaders of the party. This structuring has to do with power and control—who will decide the direction of the party and its platform and its direction. Hillary is now counting the "polled" Super Delegates in her Delegate Count, as is the NYTimes. Will the leadership clubs of the party or the people on the ground—members of the party who voted in the various states—make the decision who should be the party's nominee?  Or will the party be run like a corporation or will it be run "democratically"? One can indeed argue that these officials and these party stalwarts have a responsibility to make sure that their party gets in the White House. But their leadership has failed for the last 8 years. There's one among them, Barack Obama, belonging to the same group as the Clintons, the DLC, who has found seemingly a formula that works—he has energized the primaries, found the right rhetoric, brought into the process young people, a great-swath of the American voting public. Should his efforts be thwarted because the "stalwarts" and the "experienced" "know better"? It is tantamount to a counter revolution top down. I do not think that too many Democrats will tolerate it—Rudy

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Campaign Focus Shifts to Chesapeake Bay Region—Mr. Obama gathered momentum through the weekend with victories in Maine, Louisiana, Nebraska and Washington State. . . . “I know this is a challenging campaign, I recognize that,” she said. “And it’s a good problem to have, isn’t it?” Mrs. Clinton left Washington immediately after the visit, heading to Baltimore . . . . “I’m still ahead in delegates and in the popular vote. We’re each picking up delegates. And I commend Senator Obama on his recent victories. But I think if you look at the states that are upcoming, I am very confident. I am absolutely looking to Ohio and Texas . . .” Before the Ohio and Texas primaries on March 4, though, Mrs. Clinton has to face five other contests, including primaries in Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia on Tuesday and the Wisconsin primary and Hawaii caucuses on Feb. 19. Mr. Obama was supposed to fly to North Carolina on Monday night to meet with former Senator John Edwards, who dropped out of the race and whose endorsement both Mr. Obama and Mrs. Clinton are seeking.—NYTimes

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Stealing the Nomination—Both the Dems and the GOP had declared thatas far as they were concernedthe only states permitted to hold a primary or caucus before Feb. 5 were Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina. But Michigan went ahead with a Jan. 15 date and Florida with Jan. 29. The Republican National Committee sanctioned the states by removing half of their delegateswhile the DNC stripped both states of all their delegates. . . .But now that the race is so tightit is mathematically close to impossible for either candidate to win a majority before the Democratic National Convention in Augusta move is afoot to recognize those two delegations. Obviously, if the results of the January "beauty" contests stood, it would be a great windfall for Sen. Clinton. But at what cost to the Democratic Party's credibilityto say nothing of the democratic process? At the very least, Dean and the DNC need to impose a process that would allow both Clinton and Obama to make their cases to Michigan and Florida voters. Either that or keep intact the existing rules. Fair's fair, after all.NYPost

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Three More Primaries in the Bag—Senator Barack Obama rolled to victory by big margins in Virginia (64 to 35%), Maryland (60 to36%) and the District of Columbia (75 to 24%) on Tuesday, extending his winning streak over Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton to eight Democratic nominating contests since Saturday. Mr. Obama’s victories gave him a lead over Mrs. Clinton among pledged delegates . . .Obama aides calculate that he also leads in delegate counts that include so-called superdelegates, the party officers and elected officials who control 20 percent of the total delegates to the Democratic convention. . . . An exultant Mr. Obama told a rally in Madison, Wis.: “This movement wont stop until there’s change in Washington. Tonight, we’re on our way.” . . . . Mrs. Clinton . . . signaled that she would not vigorously contest two Democratic races next week, a primary in Wisconsin and a caucus in Hawaii . . . If she loses in those two states, she will be 0 for 10 in nominating contests from Feb. 5 to March 4, when Texas, Ohio, Rhode Island and Vermont hold primaries.NYTimes

Obama's truth sets us free—There are many reasons for Obama's phenomenal rise, not the least being he is a racial Rorschach test as well as a gem of a speaker. But it is the zinging content of his speeches that have shaken the country and mark him as a threat to the old order, starting with Clinton herself. When Obama talks, as he did yesterday in Maryland, of voters being "tricked, bamboozled, fooled and hoodwinked," he is condemning her generation. When he says voters "are tired of the politics of the past, tired of spin, tired of PR," he doesn't have to name names. We've all known this side of the Clintons, and yet, because we accepted it, they succeeded. And because they succeeded, others copied them. The result is a disaster, with apathy and cynicism toward government our secular religion. Hillary's little lies about her campaign remind me of the way Bill started his presidential race in 1992. In March of that year, a Daily News reporter asked him whether he had ever used drugs. Clinton answered firmly, "I have never broken the laws of my country." Technically true, but in plain English, a lie. The desired implication - that his answer was no - was misleading because he later admitted he had smoked marijuana in London. Even then, Clinton had to suggest he was innocent, saying he never inhaled. NYDailyNews

Obama Girl vs Giuliani Girl (video)

"I Got a Crush...On Obama" By Obama Girl  (video)

Chris Rock's 2008 Election Analysis (video)

posted 8 February 2008

*   *   *   *   *'s 25 Best Selling Books



#1 - Justify My Thug by Wahida Clark
#2 - Flyy Girl by Omar Tyree
#3 - Head Bangers: An APF Sexcapade by Zane
#4 - Life Is Short But Wide by J. California Cooper
#5 - Stackin' Paper 2 Genesis' Payback by Joy King
#6 - Thug Lovin' (Thug 4) by Wahida Clark
#7 - When I Get Where I'm Going by Cheryl Robinson
#8 - Casting the First Stone by Kimberla Lawson Roby
#9 - The Sex Chronicles: Shattering the Myth by Zane

#10 - Covenant: A Thriller  by Brandon Massey

#11 - Diary Of A Street Diva  by Ashley and JaQuavis

#12 - Don't Ever Tell  by Brandon Massey

#13 - For colored girls who have considered suicide  by Ntozake Shange

#14 - For the Love of Money : A Novel by Omar Tyree

#15 - Homemade Loves  by J. California Cooper

#16 - The Future Has a Past: Stories by J. California Cooper

#17 - Player Haters by Carl Weber

#18 - Purple Panties: An Anthology by Sidney Molare

#19 - Stackin' Paper by Joy King

#20 - Children of the Street: An Inspector Darko Dawson Mystery by Kwei Quartey

#21 - The Upper Room by Mary Monroe

#22 – Thug Matrimony  by Wahida Clark

#23 - Thugs And The Women Who Love Them by Wahida Clark

#24 - Married Men by Carl Weber

#25 - I Dreamt I Was in Heaven - The Rampage of the Rufus Buck Gang by Leonce Gaiter


#1 - Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention by Manning Marable
#2 - Confessions of a Video Vixen by Karrine Steffans
#3 - Dear G-Spot: Straight Talk About Sex and Love by Zane
#4 - Letters to a Young Brother: MANifest Your Destiny by Hill Harper
#5 - Peace from Broken Pieces: How to Get Through What You're Going Through by Iyanla Vanzant
#6 - Selected Writings and Speeches of Marcus Garvey by Marcus Garvey
#7 - The Ebony Cookbook: A Date with a Dish by Freda DeKnight
#8 - The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors by Frances Cress Welsing
#9 - The Mis-Education of the Negro by Carter Godwin Woodson

#10 - John Henrik Clarke and the Power of Africana History  by Ahati N. N. Toure

#11 - Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure by Tavis Smiley

#12 -The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

#13 - The Black Male Handbook: A Blueprint for Life by Kevin Powell

#14 - The Other Wes Moore: One Name, Two Fates by Wes Moore

#15 - Why Men Fear Marriage: The Surprising Truth Behind Why So Many Men Can't Commit  by RM Johnson

#16 - Black Titan: A.G. Gaston and the Making of a Black American Millionaire by Carol Jenkins

#17 - Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority by Tom Burrell

#18 - A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life's Purpose by Eckhart Tolle

#19 - John Oliver Killens: A Life of Black Literary Activism by Keith Gilyard

#20 - Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher by Leonard Harris

#21 - Age Ain't Nothing but a Number: Black Women Explore Midlife by Carleen Brice

#22 - 2012 Guide to Literary Agents by Chuck Sambuchino
#23 - Chicken Soup for the Prisoner's Soul by Tom Lagana
#24 - 101 Things Every Boy/Young Man of Color Should Know by LaMarr Darnell Shields

#25 - Beyond the Black Lady: Sexuality and the New African American Middle Class  by Lisa B. Thompson

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The New Jim Crow

Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

By Michele Alexander

Contrary to the rosy picture of race embodied in Barack Obama's political success and Oprah Winfrey's financial success, legal scholar Alexander argues vigorously and persuasively that [w]e have not ended racial caste in America; we have merely redesigned it. Jim Crow and legal racial segregation has been replaced by mass incarceration as a system of social control (More African Americans are under correctional control today... than were enslaved in 1850). Alexander reviews American racial history from the colonies to the Clinton administration, delineating its transformation into the war on drugs. She offers an acute analysis of the effect of this mass incarceration upon former inmates who will be discriminated against, legally, for the rest of their lives, denied employment, housing, education, and public benefits. Most provocatively, she reveals how both the move toward colorblindness and affirmative action may blur our vision of injustice: most Americans know and don't know the truth about mass incarceration—but her carefully researched, deeply engaging, and thoroughly readable book should change that.—Publishers Weekly

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Blacks in Hispanic Literature: Critical Essays

Edited by Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

Blacks in Hispanic Literature is a collection of fourteen essays by scholars and creative writers from Africa and the Americas. Called one of two significant critical works on Afro-Hispanic literature to appear in the late 1970s, it includes the pioneering studies of Carter G. Woodson and Valaurez B. Spratlin, published in the 1930s, as well as the essays of scholars whose interpretations were shaped by the Black aesthetic. The early essays, primarily of the Black-as-subject in Spanish medieval and Golden Age literature, provide an historical context for understanding 20th-century creative works by African-descended, Hispanophone writers, such as Cuban Nicolás Guillén and Ecuadorean poet, novelist, and scholar Adalberto Ortiz, whose essay analyzes the significance of Negritude in Latin America. This collaborative text set the tone for later conferences in which writers and scholars worked together to promote, disseminate, and critique the literature of Spanish-speaking people of African descent. . . . Cited by a literary critic in 2004 as "the seminal study in the field of Afro-Hispanic Literature . . . on which most scholars in the field 'cut their teeth'."

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Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007

By Matthew Wasniewski

Black Americans in Congress, 1870–2007 beautifully prepared volume—is a comprehensive history of the more than 120 African Americans who have served in the United States Congress. Written for a general audience, this book contains a profile of each African-American Member, including notables such as Hiram Revels, Joseph Rainey, Oscar De Priest, Adam Clayton Powell, Shirley Chisholm, Gus Hawkins, and Barbara Jordan. Individual profiles are introduced by contextual essays that explain major events in congressional and U.S. history. Part I provides four chronologically organized chapters under the heading "Former Black Members of Congress." Each chapter provides a lengthy biographical sketch of the members who served during the period addressed, along with a narrative historical account of the era and tables of information about the Congress during that time. Part II provides similar information about current African-American members. There are 10 appendixes providing tabular information of a variety of sorts about the service of Black members, including such things as a summary list, service on committees and in party leadership posts, familial connections, and so forth. The entire volume is 803 large folio pages in length and there are many illustrations. The book should be part of every library and research collection, and congressional scholars may well wish to obtain it for their personal libraries.Pictures—including rarely seen historical images—of each African American who has served in Congress—Bibliographies and references to manuscript collections for each Member—Statistical graphs and charts

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Faces At The Bottom of the Well: The Permanence of Racism

By Derrick Bell

In nine grim metaphorical sketches, Bell, the black former Harvard law professor who made headlines recently for his one-man protest against the school's hiring policies, hammers home his controversial theme that white racism is a permanent, indestructible component of our society. Bell's fantasies are often dire and apocalyptic: a new Atlantis rises from the ocean depths, sparking a mass emigration of blacks; white resistance to affirmative action softens following an explosion that kills Harvard's president and all of the school's black professors; intergalactic space invaders promise the U.S. President that they will clean up the environment and deliver tons of gold, but in exchange, the bartering aliens take all African Americans back to their planet. Other pieces deal with black-white romance, a taxi ride through Harlem and job discrimination. Civil rights lawyer Geneva Crenshaw, the heroine of Bell's And We Are Not Saved (1987), is back in some of these ominous allegories, which speak from the depths of anger and despair. Bell now teaches at New York University Law School.Publishers Weekly /  Derrick Bell Law Rights Advocate  Dies at 80

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The White Masters of the World

From The World and Africa, 1965

By W. E. B. Du Bois

W. E. B. Du Bois’ Arraignment and Indictment of White Civilization (Fletcher)

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Ancient African Nations

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The Death of Emmett Till by Bob Dylan  The Lonesome Death of Hattie Carroll  Only a Pawn in Their Game

Rev. Jesse Lee Peterson Thanks America for Slavery / George Jackson  / Hurricane Carter

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The Journal of Negro History issues at Project Gutenberg

The Haitian Declaration of Independence 1804  / January 1, 1804 -- The Founding of Haiti 

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