ChickenBones: A Journal

for Literary & Artistic African-American Themes


Contact      Mission -- Nathaniel Turner -- Marcus Bruce Christian -- Guest Poets --  Special Topics -- Rudy's Place -- The Old South  --  Worldcat

Film Review -- Books N Review -- Education & History -- Religion & Politics --- Literature & Arts  - Black Labor --Work, Labor & Business -- Music  Musicians  

Baltimore Index Page

Educating Our Children

The African World

Editor's Page     Letters

Inside the Caribbean

Digital Links

 ChickenBones: A Journal -- Historic Website -- Collected by Library of Congress   (Ich habe negerschwer gearbeitet. - Rudy)


Hip Sites: E-Notes / DemocracyNow  / BlackBird Press News Black Agenda Report   // Cost of War in Iraq  /  Body Count /  storySouth  / The Negro Artist

Haiti Action.Net / SeeingBlack.Com  / ASILI  / BlackPoetic  / Caribbean Review of Books / Howard Rambsy / The MoAD Story Project   / WilsonMosesBlog   / WorldCat

 Content Tables:  Amin Sharif  /   Eugene B. Redmond / Floyd W Hayes  /  Jerry Ward   Kalamu ya Salaam   /  Marvin X  /  Miriam DeCosta-Willis 

  Rose Ure Mezu  /  Wilson J. Moses  / Aduku Addae   // Amiri Baraka / Anastacia Tolbert  / Anupama Bhargava  / Askia M. Toure   / Baldwin (James) / Betty Wamalwa Muragori

Bonhoeffer  /   Ceylan  /   Chuck Siler Claire Carew  /  Crystal Cartier   /  D L  Moore  /  E Ethelbert Miller  / Ekere Tallie   / Eldridge Cleaver   /  Glen Ford  / Irene Monroe  

Jamie Walker  /  Jean Damu   / Jeannette Drake  / John Maxwell  /  John Oliver Killens  Jonathan Scott   /    JR Stanton   / Kam Wms / Kola Boof / Komunyakaa  

Langston Hughes  / Larry Uklai Johnson Redd /  Lasana Sekou  /  Lee Meitzen Grue  /  Lil Joe /  Louis Reyes Rivera  /  Mackie Blanton  / Mary E. Weems   / Mevlut Ceylan

Miriam DeCosta-Willis Mona Lisa Saloy Naomi Ayala  /  Patricia Wesley   /   Peter  Addo   Richard Wright   /   Sterling A. Brown  / Thomas Long / Toussaint

 Uche Nworah    /   Ugochukwu  /  WEB Du Bois   /    Yictove  /  Yvonne Terry  / /   Art for Life  / Best of ChickenBones / Black Librarians    / Black Arts Figures

  Black Baltimore Table  /  Black Librarians     /  Black Tech Review   /  Chuck Siler  Civil Rights & Black Power / Conversations     / Cow Tom  / Criminalizing a Race

   Different Drummer /  The Economy  /  Education History of the Negro   / Fifty Influential Figures   /  HBCUs  / Hip Hop /  Interviews  / Jim Jordan  /   Kalamu Interview 

Katrina Flood Index   / Katrina Survivor Stories  / Libya and Islamic Reform   / Literary New Orleans  /   Look at Israel  / Love  and Erotica    / Lynching

  Maria Syphax Case  /  Mau Mau Aesthetics   /   Negro Catholic Writers   / Nuba-. . . Sudan   /  ReparationsSatchel Paige Sports     /  Second2Last  /  Short Stories

  Speeches & Sermons Table   /  Transitional Writings on Africa  / Tributes Obituaries Remembrances / Turner-Cone Theology   / Uncrowned Queens

 Visual Artists  / Washerwomen   /  Obama 2008   //  Marvin Gaye sings American National Anthem / Marvin Gaye and The Star Spangled Banner

Visual Artists and Their Works  / Civil Rights: Struggle for Black Power Alternative Media and the Black Press  / Reforming Education for Liberation

online through PayPal  Acceptance Mark

Help Save ChickenBones—Our Literary Journal

An Appeal by The Committee to Keep ChickenBones Alive


Conversation on ChickenBones Survival    Donate and Support our Fundraiser  Folk Life 

Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal /  2005 Arabian Drive / Finksburg, MD 21048--  Rudy, I don't know if I've mentioned it recently but 'bones looks great.  There's not much out there to compete with it as a presenter of Black literary and philosophical thought. I'm constantly referring folk to it. Chuck (9/28/07)  /  You're right! Chicken Bones is a gift to our universe.—Dorothy (1/29/12)


Help meet our monthly goal of $500. Donate Today! or Visit ChickenBones Store (Books, DVDs, Music, and more)

Or make use of ChickenBones Publishing Services (Page editing, Critiques, and Book Promotion)  /  Stand By Me (video)

Results of the 2012 Art Contest & Exhibition Sponsored by Digital Printing Online

BCP Digital Printing

BCP Digital Printing is a Print-On-Demand and document processing company based in Baltimore, Maryland. We are proud to be a family-run business committed to caring for our customers, employees and community. We continuously invest in leading-edge print technology to bring you superior quality at value pricing. BCP Digital Printing / 3921 Vero Road • Suite F /Baltimore, MD 21227 • Phone: 410.242.6954 • Toll-Free: 1-800-476-8870 / Fax: 410.242.6959 • E-mail:

Make your holiday purchases BLACK CLASSIC BOOKS                

Bring the Troops Home:  "A time comes when silence is betrayal." Beyond Vietnam A Time to Break Silence   (Martin Luther King)

Martin Luther King, "Why I Am Opposed to the War in Vietnam" / MLK: Mountaintop Speech (on War)  /Anarcha's Story

Review on

Tracy Chapman: Give me one reason  / Crossroad / Du Bois FBI Records  / Otis Redding—Try A Little Tenderness / Nina Simone— I Put Spell on You


Witches, Bitches, and Niggers

What Happens When Society Does not Realize

the Innate Socio-Political Nature of Art?

By C. Liegh McInnis


How to Read Political Racial Code

 By Touré


A Past Denied The Invisible History of Slavery in Canada (Mike Barber)

There is a direct cause-and-effect relationship with our collective past and our collective present, as well as our collective future. To fully understand the context of current conflicts and events, we need to know the relevant past and its causal relationship.  Brenda Steed-Ross, co-founder of the Africville Genealogy Society, is overcome with emotion hearing apology of Mayor Kelly

The Black Revolution on Campus

By Martha Biondi

Readers who are engaged in contemporary higher education issues, as I am, will find particularly fascinating outcomes of the Black studies movement. Biondi reviews a range of today’s African-American studies programs, and investigates how some have been folded into ethnic studies—which, she notes, can cramp funding and increase marginalization but also foster intellectual collaboration. While the number of Black studies departments is smaller than it was two decades ago, and their pedagogy has diversified, Biondi concludes that the field has “not only survived but also grown to have international stature and presence.” The final chapter is a brief meditation, in Biondi’s own voice, of the impact of the Black revolution on campus. One such impact is in the generation of leaders it fostered: Biondi lists the black student protestors who landed as lawyers, doctors, activists and ministers. As Biondi points out, these students did something remarkable—they “translated Black Power theories into concrete gains.” Biondi’s book is a critical reminder of the sacrifices that so many students made to ensure that anti-racist and anti-imperialist perspectives were included in academic curricula—some were jailed, some suspended from school, and some wounded or assassinated. For seasoned scholars this will be an engrossing reminiscence. For students and emerging scholars, it will be a lesson in a history that has been all but forgotten.—Julianne Malveaux

Jeannette Drake Poems: Reparations Check  /  Cakewalk and Welcome to the New World  James Loewen on  Confederates  /  I Am A Man: Memphis Sanitation Strike

 The Bible & Biblical Typology, A Useful Method of Interpretation The Confessions of Nat Turner (Krzemienski)  /   Farrakhan: Gadhafi fought . . . with Honor  

Housing Discrimination Settlement with Bank of America Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan on $335 million settlement—PBS

A fish would never get caught if he didn't open his mouth.—Al Sharpton

Angela Davis and Michele Alexander

End Mass Incarceration - Riverside Church - September 14, 2012 -- Criminalizing a Race

Angela Davis and Michelle Alexander take part in a panel discussion on the issue of mass incarceration at Riverside Church in New York City

 on September 14, 2012. They answer the questions of what is the problem of mass incarceration and what does it say about the United States society?

“A child raised every 2. years is of more profit then the crop of the best laboring man. in this, as in all other cases, providence has made our duties and our interests coincide perfectly. . . . [W]ith respect therefore to our women & their children I must pray you to inculcate upon the overseers that it is not their labor, but their increase which is the first consideration with us.”— Thomas Jefferson to one of his plantation managers / MP3 Ishamel Reed Interview, 2nd Hour

Hakeem Babalola articles -- The Second Slavery Ship  Living with Immigration Torture   A Nightclub Forbidden to African  Nigerians Blood on their Hands 

Gambian Godfather   They Make Me Hate My Type   Life as African Hungarian  African Hungarian Union  Nigeria 47 Laughing Off Grief  Ettehs House of Area Boys

Ngugi wa Thiong'o Moving the Center: Language, Culture, and Globalization / Happy Birthday Miles - an interview + three performances

2012 Early Voting Maryland Locations

Saturday, October 27— Thursday, November 1, 2012

Negro citizens attempt to cast ballots in Greenwood, August 1963. Note helmeted policeman and local citizen

photographing each of them as as they enter the courthouse. The photographs can later be used to intimidate

them, and perhaps to force them from their jobs or homes because they tried to vote.

Timbuktu Tomb Destroyers Pulverize Islam's history  Reforming Education for Liberation

CIA involved in Libya's revolution?  / Noam Chomsky—USA contempt for democracy  / Tuareg minority flees LibyaWayfarer 4th Quarter 1967—Black Baltimore

Michelle Alexander Speaks At Riverside Church /  part 2 of 4  / part 3 of 4  / part 4 of 4   /  /  Cynthia McKinney—US lawmakers forced to support Israel  / Slum Stories

ChickenBones News Commentary in Brief

America Has Now Met the Many Romneys, and America Knows They Can Get Their Asses Kicked: At the Debate—Charles P. Pierce—17 October 2012—Hempstead,  New York—Those of us who lived under the barely distinguishable leadership of Willard Romney in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (God save it!) know very well that the emotional membrane separating Lofty Willard from Snippy Willard is thin indeed, and that the membrane separating Snippy Willard from Dickhead Willard is well-nigh translucent. Both of those membranes were tested fully here on Tuesday night by the president, by Candy Crowley—who has clearly had enough of your bullshit, thank you very much—and by the simple fact that certain members of The Help tested the challenger's ideas and found them wanting and, my dear young man, that simply is not done. And both of those membranes failed like rotting levees in a storm.

But the real conclusion as regards the actual election that may have happened is that the rising Romney momentum was blunted. The one thing nobody can ever say now is that they didn't know the exact character of Willard Romney, and exactly how he feels about The Help, including that member of The Help who currently holds the job that Romney believes should have been his by virtue of his god-kissed, golden life. "You'll get your chance in a moment. I'm still speaking." Put all those Romneys together and that's what they sound like, even when they're talking to the president of the United States. It's the voice of the bloodless job-killer, the outsourcing Moloch of the industrial Midwest, and the guy who poses with his Wall Street cronies with dollar bills in his mouth. People who claim to be interested in "character" should remember that.—esquire

Horace Campbell: Pambazuka / Zimbabwe and the Question of Imperialism  / Chickens Come Home: US Credit Downgrade /

My Soul is anchored: poems from the mourning Katrina national writing project -- now on sale

My Soul is anchored: poems from the mourning Katrina national writing project -- now on sale

 An Unmistakable Shade of Red & The Obama Chronicles (Mary E. Weems) /   4 Closure Poems Mary Weems on YouTube  / Nomination /

Music  MusiciansLiving Legends / Robert Johnson and other BluesmenOne Mississippi, Two Mississippi: John Hurt. Fred McDowell

Master of the Mountain: Thomas Jefferson and His Slaves

By Henry Wiencek

Is there anything new to say about Thomas Jefferson and slavery? The answer is a resounding yes. Master of the Mountain, Henry Wiencek’s eloquent, persuasive book—based on new information coming from archaeological work at Monticello and on hitherto overlooked or disregarded evidence in Jefferson’s papers—opens up a huge, poorly understood dimension of Jefferson’s world. We must, Wiencek suggests, follow the money. So far, historians have offered only easy irony or paradox to explain this extraordinary Founding Father who was an emancipationist in his youth and then recoiled from his own inspiring rhetoric and equivocated about slavery; who enjoyed his renown as a revolutionary leader yet kept some of his own children as slaves. But Wiencek’s Jefferson is a man of business and public affairs who makes a success of his debt-ridden plantation thanks to what he calls the “silent profits” gained from his slaves—and thanks to a skewed moral universe that he and thousands of others readily inhabited. We see Jefferson taking out a slave-equity line of credit with a Dutch bank to finance the building of Monticello and deftly creating smoke screens when visitors are dismayed by his apparent endorsement of a system they thought he’d vowed to overturn. It is not a pretty story. Slave boys are whipped to make them work in the nail factory at Monticello that pays Jefferson’s grocery bills. Parents are divided from children—in his ledgers they are recast as money—while he composes theories that obscure the dynamics of what some of his friends call “a vile commerce.” Dark Side of Thomas Jefferson

What Color is Haitian Jesus?  /  The Best African American Literary Magazines?  / Olbermann Calls Obama A Sellout, Republicans Treasonous / For Love of Liberty

Basil Davidson's  "Africa Series":  Different But Equal  /  Mastering A Continent  /  Caravans of Gold  / The King and the City / The Bible and The Gun

The Black Count

Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo

By Tom Reiss

Here is the remarkable true story of the real Count of Monte Cristo—a stunning feat of historical sleuthing that brings to life the forgotten hero who inspired such classics as The Count of Monte Cristo and The Three Musketeers. The real-life protagonist of The Black Count, General Alex Dumas, is a man almost unknown today yet with a story that is strikingly familiar, because his son, the novelist Alexandre Dumas, used it to create some of the best loved heroes of literature. Yet, hidden behind these swashbuckling adventures was an even more incredible secret: the real hero was the son of a black slave—who rose higher in the white world than any man of his race would before our own time. Born in Saint-Domingue (now Haiti), Alex Dumas was briefly sold into bondage but made his way to Paris where he was schooled as a sword-fighting member of the French aristocracy. Enlisting as a private, he rose to command armies at the height of the Revolution, in an audacious campaign across Europe and the Middle East—until he met an implacable enemy he could not defeat.

2012 Election Campaign Table / The Constitution and the Negro

Avoiding Phony Religiosity (Obama) / Make-or-Break Moment /Chronicling Mitt's Mendacity   Obama Bound for Mount Rushmore?

Martin Luther King Jr. on Malcolm X  /  NGOs, an extension of US foreign policyBaby Doc Duvalier returns to Haiti  /  After Midnight—Coleman Hawkins

Black Labor -- Samuel Gompers    John Mitchell    John L. Lewis   Walter Reuther The Negro and Industrial Unionism  Labor Fights All Injustice 

A Slave in the White House

Paul Jennings and the Madisons

By Elizabeth Dowling Taylor

Foreword by Annette Gordon-Reed

Paul Jennings was born into slavery on the plantation of James and Dolley Madison in Virginia, later becoming part of the Madison household staff at the White House. Once finally emancipated by Senator Daniel Webster later in life, he would give an aged and impoverished Dolley Madison, his former owner, money from his own pocket, write the first White House memoir, and see his sons fight with the Union Army in the Civil War. He died a free man in northwest Washington at 75. Based on correspondence, legal documents, and journal entries rarely seen before, this amazing portrait of the times reveals the mores and attitudes toward slavery of the nineteenth century, and sheds new light on famous characters such as James Madison, who believed the white and black populations could not coexist as equals; French General Lafayette who was appalled by this idea; Dolley Madison, who ruthlessly sold Paul after her husband's death; and many other since forgotten slaves, abolitionists, and civil right activists

For-Profit Colleges Under Fire  / Rev Curtis Watson—Come Out of the Wilderness  /  Charles H. Houston—Brown v Board of Ed Topeka

By James Meredith

The words are quite obviously Meredith's own, giving the volume its curious—and curiously moving—tone of half dispassionate documentary and half angry tract. These pages are highly effective humanized sociology. All the sights and sounds of Deep South Black life are here in revealing plentitude. All the while, James Meredith the human being emerges. It is not hard to see why both friends and foes have their difficulties with him. Throughout history, few human beings have been able to sustain themselves in hazardous pioneering adventure, divine or otherwise.—Newsweek

Seldom is a piece of violent history so dispassionately dissected by one of its participants as it has been by James Meredith in Three Years in Mississippi. Meredith writes carefully, deliberately, making sure each point is crystal-clear before he continues. His setting of the scene and his recounting of the events are precise and evocative, but the emotion has been screened out. This dispassionate quality, however, gives the book even more force. One of the most interesting.—New Yorker

Martin Luther King’s Vision 

 I Have A Dream     

Letter from Birmingham Jail

Honoring Juan Rodriguez—A Very Early New Yorker

A report by the Dominican Studies Institute at City College of the City University of New York concluded this year: “Juan Rodriguez happens to be the first historically recorded individual of non-Native American ancestry to have ever resided in what is today” metropolitan New York, before the Dutch named their settlement New Amsterdam. Since there is no archival evidence that Rodriguez left, said Ramona Hernandez, director of the institute, Rodriguez is “the first immigrant, the first black person, the first merchant, the first Latino and, to us, the first Dominican to have ever lived in New York City.” The city seal proclaims 1625 as the year New York was founded by the Dutch. But with Rodriguez now freshly remembered as having become a New Yorker a dozen years earlier, maybe New York City’s 400th birthday candle will be lighted in 2013.—cityroom

Days of Destruction, Days of Revolt

By Chris Hedges and illustrator Joe Sacco

Look at the poorest areas in the United States, "sacrifice zones" where human beings and natural resources have been used and then abandoned. A former New York Times correspondent, Hedges reported from Ground Zero beginning just after the 9/11 attacks. In 2002, he was part of the team of reporters at the New York Times awarded the Pulitzer Prize for the paper’s coverage of global terrorism. Over the past decade he has become one of the leading chroniclers of the state of the nation. Hedges joins us to discuss the 11th anniversary of 9/11 and his tour of the nation’s economic disaster zones.

"The most retrograde forces within American society have used the specter of the war on terror or terrorism in the same way the most retrograde forces within American society used communism or anti-communism to crush any kind of legitimate dissent or any questioning of the structures of power," Hedges said.

Nat Turner's Rebellion /  Marable's biography, Malcolm X: Panel  / /  The Ruin of Riches—Angola / De Beers Diamond Company & Black Labour


Kalamu ya SalaamEducator for Change

September 24, 2012 • New Orleans, LA

In New Orleans, Kalamu ya Salaam is a writer, a filmmaker and an educator. All his life, Kalamu has been motivated by a burning passion for empowering young people with both thinking and writing skills. More than a teacher, he is a mentor who's been inspiring generations of students into finding meaningful paths for their lives through creative expression.—respectfulrevolution / Literary New Orleans

The Importance of an African Centered Education  /  What To Do With The Negroes? (Kalamu ya Salaam)

Wisdom is like a baobab tree; no one individual can embrace all of it.Akan and Ewe Proverb // Federalist and Fourteenth Amendment

27 Days: Dedicated to Monsieur Monsignac, his fellow survivors and those passed on (Norris and White)  

Michelle Alexander on the War on Drugs and the Politics Behind It / Who Repealed Glass Steagall Act? // The Speech at Galilee

On Capitalism: Noam Chomsky  (David Finkel) / Is it Because I'm Black / Kim_Phuc and her Family / Domestic Servants and Free People of Color  / Jazz is our religion '' documentary

Koran Exordium: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creation. The Compassionate, the Merciful, King of the Last Judgment. You alone we worship. To You alone we pray. Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not those who have incurred Your wrath, nor those who have gone astray.  Luqman -- In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful / The Name of Allah Be Round About Us / To 'Joy My Freedom  /  Washerwomen Sons and Daughters  Vanishing Washerwoman     Washerwomen in Brooklyn   Washer-Woman Poem 

Huria Search—Discover the Global Black CommunityHuria Search improves the internet experience for people looking for content created by the GBC and to help support the efforts of those websites. Websites thrive when they can be found.  Higher visibility allows websites to earn more revenue, attract better writers, garner more visitors who interact with the website and provide valuable promotion. . . .  Huria Search is financed by donors and developed by volunteers.  This site is completely driven our collective mission to support the global Black community.  List of Sites Included in Huria Search's Index  Huria Search—Discover the Global Black Community

 The Best Black Book Search Engine   / Troy Johnson founded in 1998 AALBC / Troy Johnson Assessing the Black Press 

Ralph Clingan  Lively Living Word  /  An Annual Clingan Christmas Letter  / Against Cheap Grace   /  God calls: Who will answer?

Bob Dylan—Highway 51 Live at Town Hall 1963Bob Dylan—Ballad of Hollis Brown  /  Nina Simone—Go to Hell  /  Harry Belafonte—John Henry / Nina Simone—Ballad of Hollis Brown

Articles On Haiti

Haiti Action.Net

Maxine Waters on Haiti Letter to Colin Powell on Thugs and Killers / Statement from Prison of Sò  Anne  champion of the poor

Anne Auguste (Sò No)  Demand Immediate Release of Anne Auguste /  John Maxwell Table   The Black Joan of Arc

Taj Mahal—Stagger Lee  /  The Neo-African Americans  / Judge Mathis Weighs  on Troy Davis  /  Fatoumata Diawara—Bissa  /  Origins of the Moonwalk

Pharoah SandersThe Gathering  /  Pharoah Sanders:Heart (Love) is a Melody of Time  / The President's House: Freedom and Slavery  /  Kenyan Somalis facing Xenophobia

The Courage to Hope

How I Stood Up to the Politics of Fear  

By Shirley Sherrod

Sherrod sets the record straight on her forced resignation from the Department of Agriculture in 2010. The author. . .was director for the USDA's Rural Development in Georgia when conservative political blogger Andrew Breitbart attacked her for allegedly reverse racist comments she made at an NAACP event. The threat of exposure on national TV was enough to send the USDA running for cover, and she was dismissed. Sherrod decided she had to fight back. She and her husband have been directly involved in the struggles for political and economic justice in Georgia and elsewhere since the 1960s, and they were part of Martin Luther King's movement for civil rights. She writes about growing up in segregated Georgia and the circumstances surrounding her father’s murder and the arson of her family home—at that time, “fear was the daily diet that kept the status quo alive.” In the ’70s, Sherrod and her husband worked with other farmers in Georgia on experimental projects. Denied drought assistance funds by the USDA, they faced foreclosure and joined a class-action suit to redress the discrimination. Eventually, they won the settlement, a decision strongly opposed by conservatives. Sherrod writes sharply about the continuing legacy of racism and how economic policy, hidebound bureaucracy and plain malice affect poor people everywhere, and why pretending that we are in a post-racial world doesn’t help anyone. An inspiring memoir about the real power of courage and hope.

Black Africans in Libya live in fear  /  Farrakhan on Pres. Obama, Col. Gadhafi and Libya War  /  Bob Dylan—Gotta Serve Somebody  / Bob Dylan's Masters of War  / Staying Alive for the New Struggle

Deng and Alek: Lovers Paradise Lost  Short story by Jane Musoke-Nteyafas  /In-Dependence from Bondage Claude McKay and Michael Manley  (Lloyd D. McCarthy)

The Price of Civilization: Reawakening American Virtue and Prosperity (Jeffrey D. Sachs)

Greenback Planet: How the Dollar Conquered:  World and Threatened Civilization as We Know It (H. W. Brands)

Libya set up by NATO—Fake Libyan Rebels exposed / Russia criticizes France over arming Libyan rebels  / British brains, brawn and bombs bolster Libyan rebels

US prepares for military intervention in SomaliaPutin: Who gave NATO right to kill Gaddafi? / How the World Failed Haiti  / FBI Sabotaged Black America

Race, Incarceration, and American Values (Glenn C. Loury)

South Africans mobilizing support against NATO's bombardment of LibyaFault Lines: The Top 1 Percent  /  Nina Simone '85 / London riots: BBC apologises for accusing Darcus Howe

The Greater Journey: Americans in Paris

By David McCullough

At first glance, The Greater Journey: Americans in Paris might seem to be foreign territory for David McCullough, whose other books have mostly remained in the Western Hemisphere. But The Greater Journey is still a quintessentially American history. Between 1830 and 1900, hundreds of Americansmany of them future household names like Oliver Wendell Holmes, Mark Twain, Samuel Morse, and Harriet Beecher Stowemigrated to Paris. McCullough shows first how the City of Light affected each of them in turn, and how they helped shape American art, medicine, writing, science, and politics in profound ways when they came back to the United States. McCullough's histories have always managed to combine meticulous research with sheer enthusiasm for his subjects, and it's hard not to come away with a sense that you've learned something new and important about whatever he's tackled. The Greater Journey is, like each of McCullough's previous histories, a dazzling and kaleidoscopic foray into American history by one of its greatest living chroniclers.— Review 

Rudy's Amazing Facts   

Wages Continue to Fall

Rise of the Have-Nots—It's no great achievement for a people to recognize that their nation's economy has tanked, but recognizing that their nation's class structure has slowly but fundamentally altered is a more challenging task. It's harder still for a people who are conditioned, as Americans are, not to see their nation in terms of class. Which is why a poll released this month by the Pew Research Center reveals a transformation of Americans' sense of their country and themselves that is startling. Pew asked Americans if their country was divided between haves and have-nots. In 1988, when Gallup asked that question, 26 percent of respondents said yes, while 71 percent said no. In 2001, when Pew asked it, 44 percent said yes and 53 percent said no. But when Pew asked it again this summer, the number of Americans who agreed that we live in a nation divided into haves and have-nots had risen to 48 percent -- exactly the same as the number of Americans who disagreed. Americans' assessment of their own place in the economy has altered, too. In 1988, fully 59 percent identified themselves as haves and just 17 percent as have-nots. By 2001, the haves had dwindled to 52 percent and the have-nots had risen to 32 percent. This summer, just 45 percent of Americans called themselves haves, while 34 percent called themselves have-nots. Harold Meyerson (WP, 27September 2007)                           Sketch right ("Ostrich USA")---Chuck Siler

Medgar Evers a Mississippian Martyr  /  Scott Sisters Celebrate Freedom  /  Inside New York's Art World: Romare BeardenThe Feminist Wire / Karma’s Footsteps (Ekere Tallie)

The slightest hint that Obama is tilting toward African-American voters with a big, bold and aggressive jobs plan, or other special programs that primarily target blacks would likely blow any chance that he had of winning a significant number of independents back in 2012. It's just too risky. (Earl Ofari Hutchinson)

 Obama's America and the New Jim Crow

By Michelle Alexander


There are more African Americans under correctional control today--in prison or jail, on probation or parolethan were enslaved in 1850, a decade before the Civil War began. If you take into account prisoners, a large majority of African American men in some urban areas, like Chicago, have been labeled felons for life. These men are part of a growing undercaste, not class, caste—a group of people who are permanently relegated, by law, to an inferior second-class status. They can be denied the right to vote, automatically excluded from juries, and legally discriminated against in employment, housing, access to education and public benefitsmuch as their grandparents and great-grandparents once were during the Jim Crow era.—Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow /  Michelle_Alexander Part II Democracy Now (Video) / Michelle Alexander Speaks At Riverside Church /  part 2   / part 3  / part 4

Suheir Hammad: Poems of war, peace, women, power / YolanDa Brown performing Story Live  /  Christian Davenport—Rethinking Rwanda, 1994

Carole Boyce Davis Interview  /Paper Dreams—Haiti  /  Tracey Rose—Black Woman Walking / YolanDa Brown plays Fela Kuti classic Lady

Dr. John G. Jackson - Life and Times: Part 1 /Part 2 / Part 3 / Part 4 / Part 5 / Part 6 / Part 7 / Part 8 / Part 9

US wealth gap grows between races—A new study has found that the gap in wealth between white and black Americans increased by more than four times between 1984 and 2007. The study released by the Institute on Assets and Social Policy (IASP) found that African-Americans who earn substantial incomes have been unable to increase their net worth. In 23 years, the gap rose by $75,000 (£52,000), from $20,000 to $95,000. The study suggested these figures reflected public policy in the US. IASP found that public policies in the US benefited the wealthiest people, through tax cuts on investment income and inheritances, and disadvantaged others through discrimination in housing, credit and labour markets. BBC

Black Stacey: Saul Williams (Kalamu ya Salaam)

Suffocating the poor: a modern parable (Johann Hari)

Time for Africans to Explore Africa  (Kate Nkansa)

Education and the Cataclysm in Haiti (Rea Dol)

Appeal to African Heads of State  

What Does It Mean to Be Black in the 21st Century

 African Liberators of Nigeria  / Unknown South African Reviews

Remembering Chinwe  / Caribbean Literature   / French West Indian Writer

The Dew Breaker  Out of the Shadows  / Fourth World Art 

The Top Seven Suppliers of Oil to the US—8 July 2010—The top seven countries on the following list account for more than $140 billion worth of oil every year—1. Canada 2. Mexico 3. Saudi Arabia  4. Venezuela  5. Nigeria 6. Angola 7. Iraq—Truth-Out

Gil Scott-Heron 1 of 6Gil Scott-Heron 2 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 3 of 6Gil Scott-Heron 4 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 5 of 6  /  Gil Scott-Heron 6 of 6


Guns, Butter, and Obama—While the "official" 2009 U.S. military budget is $516 billion, that figure bears little resemblance to what this country actually spends. According to CDI, if one pulls together all the various threads that make up the defense spending tapestry - including Home Security, secret "black budget" items, military-related programs outside of the Defense Department, the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and such outlays as veterans' benefits - the figure is around $862 billion for the current fiscal year. Johnson says spending is closer to $1.1 trillion. Even these figures are misleading, since it does not project future costs. According to Nobel Prize winning economist Joseph Stiglitz, when the economic and social costs of the Iraq War are finally added up—including decades of treatment for veterans disabled by traumatic brain injury and post traumatic stress disorder—the final bill could reach $5 trillion. . . . A recent study by a Pentagon advisory group, the Defense Business Board, says that current defense spending is "not sustainable" and recommends scaling back or eliminating some big-ticket weapon systems. . . . While Obama has pledged to stress diplomacy over warfare, he has also promised to "maintain the most powerful military on the planet" and to increase the armed forces by some 90,000 soldiers. According to the Congressional Budget Office, that will cost at least $50 billion over five years. CommonDreams

Reclaiming America’s SoulOthers, I suspect, would rather not revisit those [Bush] years because they don’t want to be reminded of their own sins of omission. For the fact is that officials in the Bush administration instituted torture as a policy, misled the nation into a war they wanted to fight and, probably, tortured people in the attempt to extract “confessions” that would justify that war. And during the march to war, most of the political and media establishment looked the other way. It’s hard, then, not to be cynical when some of the people who should have spoken out against what was happening, but didn’t, now declare that we should forget the whole era — for the sake of the country, of course. Sorry, but what we really should do for the sake of the country is have investigations both of torture and of the march to war. These investigations should, where appropriate, be followed by prosecutions — not out of vindictiveness, but because this is a nation of laws. We need to do this for the sake of our future. For this isn’t about looking backward, it’s about looking forward — because it’s about reclaiming America’s soul. NYTimes  America With Its Pants Down  / The Dark Side of Obedience / A Lie Unravels the World 

Beltway Poetry Quarterly Museum Issue: Thirty-three poets write about museums, historical sites, and other public places

A Watcher of the Police Says He Is Now a Target

If you are unfamiliar with Jazz Hayden's tireless efforts to expose the NYPD's discriminatory and abusive stop and frisk tactics in NYC, read this article published in today's New York Times. The article does not do justice to Jazz, and wrongly brings up his past criminal record—which is utterly irrelevant and ancient history. But the article does make some important points, including the phony reason given by the police for stopping and searching him (supposedly they pulled him over for a burned out tail light—

the oldest excuse in the book, especially since his tail light was working fine). The article also highlights the ridiculousness of the DA's decision to send the case to a grand jury— on felony charges—for possession of dangerous weapons (a broken pocket knife and a small, commemorative baseball bat). It is critical that we support Jazz, not just because he has been a steadfast advocate for the Harlem community—(although that would be reason enough!)—but also because we must send a message to the NYPD that they can't get away with targeting and retaliating against those who dare to expose the truth about what they're really doing on the streets. Ultimately this isn't just about Jazz; it's about the tactics that are used to silence those who challenge this system of mass incarceration. Michelle Alexander, nytimes

BoL -- Music Commentary by Mtume & Kalamu Drums, Trains, / Boogie Down Productions  /  Earth, Wind & Fire  / Max Roach and Abbey Lincoln 

 WAR  / "Body and Soul"  / Nina Simone /  Bob Marley /  Alice Coltrane /  James Brown  / Staple Singers  /  Police Brutality and Rappers 

Studies: Iraq Costs US $12B Per Month—The flow of blood may be ebbing, but the flood of money into the Iraq war is steadily rising, new analyses show. In 2008, its sixth year, the war will cost approximately $12 billion a month, triple the ''burn'' rate of its earliest years, Nobel Prize-winning economist Joseph E. Stiglitz and co-author Linda J. Bilmes report in a new book. Beyond 2008, working with ''best-case'' and ''realistic-moderate'' scenarios, they project the Iraq and Afghan wars, including long-term U.S. military occupations of those countries, will cost the U.S. budget between $1.7 trillion and $2.7 trillion—or more—by 2017.Interest on money borrowed to pay those costs could alone add $816 billion to that bottom line, they say. The nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has done its own projections and comes in lower, forecasting a cumulative cost by 2017 of $1.2 trillion to $1.7 trillion for the two wars, with Iraq generally accounting for three-quarters of the costs. NYTimes

Sussex County: A Tale of Three Centuries / Public Education in Sussex County / The Official History of Jerusalem Baptist Church

Fraternal Lodges Developing & Expanding the Village  in Rural Southern Virginia   / Stith-Mason Family Reunion  / Rainbow Tea at Jerusalem

Commonwealth of Virginia Expresses  Profound Regret  / Virginia Prohibits the Teaching of Slaves, Free Negroes, or Mulattoes to Read or Write, 1831

The Origin of Violence in Virginia: A Brief History

Pop Culture Considered as an Uphill Bicycle Race Selected Critical Essays 1979 to 2001  By Carol Cooper

Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation

on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present  By Harriet A. Washington -- Reviewed by Kam Williams

Anarcha's Story by Alexandria C. Lynch, MS III

Will Americans Ever Learn--I have this theory in life that there is no learning. There is no learning curve. Everything is tabula rasa. Everybody has to discover things for themselves. . . . Again, there's no learning curve. No learning curve at all. We'll be ready to fight another stupid war in another two decades.—Seymour Hersh, Interview Spiegel Online (28 September 2007)     What Black Men Think (Film, 2007)

The Sultan Poets The Royal Poets of Turkey Translations by Mevlut Ceylan

Send  a Gift to ChickenBones: A Journal  -- Perform a Selfless & Commited Act Give a New Gift Book -- Support Writers & Poets     

Only one copy of each title now available (except where indicated):  -- Donations at all levels welcomed

My Archival Experience

Or the State of HBCU Archives

Compiled by Rudolph Lewis

The Very Idea: Stem Cell Research  by Ben Schwartz  / DrumVoices Revue   / East St. Louis Plans Big Tribute to Katherine Dunham  ‘Kwansabas for Jayne Cortez

Do people have a moral responsibility to remember certain things? This is the question that lies at the heart of "The Ethics of Memory." : Policy

Martin Luther King’s Vision 

 I Have A Dream     

Letter from Birmingham Jail

 Kalamu ya Salaam Reports: Post-Katrina New OrleansWhat Is Life: Reclaiming the Black Blues Self (Kalamu ya Salaam)

  I Love You  It's Hard   I'm Crazy  Cracking Up  Stephanie  Take Deep Breaths  Spirits in the Dark  I Am Ashamed of Myself   /

Breath of Life  The Storyteller of New Orleans  by Elizabeth D. /  LISTEN TO THE PEOPLE: The Neo-Griot New Orleans Project 

Reconstruction of a Poet: The Call: Ideology or Poetry?    My Life Is the Blues   Producing & Recording Poetry    A Black Poetics    African-American Language

Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa But I Can  M--R: / Tarzan Can Not Return to Africa But I Can PANAFEST 1994 ( Kalamu ya Salaam)

James Terry—The Willie Harris Collection / My Archival Experience (Lewis) // A Prayer for Our Enemies  (Fenton Johnson)

Other Yictove files: On the Passing of Malvina Turk    That Town  Jammin   American Money  Mr Politician   Blue Print Contents 

Soliloquy for Cain  Photograph      Grandma Turk   Tropical Love   Guest Poets  Poetic Journey  Yictove Obituary & Poems / In Future Song of a New Race         Arturo Sandoval in Baltimore       Muddy Waters on PBS       Blue Note: A History of Modern Jazz

Koran Exordium: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creation. The Compassionate, the Merciful, King of the Last Judgment. You alone we worship. To You alone we pray. Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not those who have incurred Your wrath, nor those who have gone astray.  Luqman -- In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful / The Name of Allah Be Round About Us

To 'Joy My Freedom  /  Washerwomen Sons and Daughters  Vanishing Washerwoman     Washerwomen in Brooklyn   Washer-Woman Poem 

The three trillion dollar war—The cost of direct US military operations—not even including long-term costs such as taking care of wounded veterans—already exceeds the cost of the 12-year war in Vietnam and is more than double the cost of the Korean War. And, even in the best case scenario, these costs are projected to be almost ten times the cost of the first Gulf War, almost a third more than the cost of the Vietnam War, and twice that of the First World War. The only war in our history which cost more was the Second World War, when 16.3 million U.S. troops fought in a campaign lasting four years, at a total cost (in 2007 dollars, after adjusting for inflation) of about $5 trillion (that's $5 million million, or £2.5 million million). With virtually the entire armed forces committed to fighting the Germans and Japanese, the cost per troop (in today's dollars) was less than $100,000 in 2007 dollars. By contrast, the Iraq war is costing upward of $400,000 per troop. Most Americans have yet to feel these costs. The price in blood has been paid by our voluntary military and by hired contractors. The price in treasure has, in a sense, been financed entirely by borrowing. Taxes have not been raised to pay for it—in fact, taxes on the rich have actually fallen. Deficit spending gives the illusion that the laws of economics can be repealed, that we can have both guns and butter. But of course the laws are not repealed. Times Online

Koran Exordium: In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Lord of Creation. The Compassionate, the Merciful, King of the Last Judgment. You alone we worship. To You alone we pray. Guide us to the straight path, the path of those whom You have favored, not those who have incurred Your wrath, nor those who have gone astray. Amen.  Luqman -- In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful / The Name of Allah Be Round About Us


If you like this page consider making a donation

Help Save ChickenBones—Our Literary Journal /

Make check or money orders out to ChickenBones: A Journal

Send contributions to: ChickenBones: A Journal /  2005 Arabian Drive / Finksburg, MD 21048--

Sermon on the Mount  / What if there was no God / For Walter Cotton, Outlaw / Seven Last Words of Jesus More >> Extend 1   Extend 2  Extend 3